>> The diesel engine of 2,8 litres
The four-cylinder engine in volume of 2,8 litres (2772 sm3) with a camshaft of the top arrangement and consistently located cylinders is fixed in a forward part of the car, with the coupling connected to it behind and a transmission.
The cranked shaft rotates in five radical bearings. Persistent washers are established on the back radical bearing to supervise axial люфт a cranked shaft.
Rods rotate on horizontal рассеченных loose leaves. Pistons are attached to rods by piston fingers. Piston fingers are fixed by lock rings and slide in apertures of the rods located in the narrow ends. The pistons made of an aluminium alloy, have three piston rings – two компрессионных and one маслосъемное.
In the block of cylinders sleeves of cylinders with which it is possible to replace in case of deterioration are located.
Inlet and final valves are closed by cylindrical springs and function in directing plugs, which запрессованы in a head of cylinders.
The camshaft receives a drive from a cranked shaft. The camshaft rotates on five support which are fixed on a head of cylinders, and operates eight valves with the help коромысел. Backlashes of valves are regulated manually by means of adjusting screws коромысел.
Greasing of working parts of the engine is made by means of the oil pump which receives a drive from a cranked shaft. The oil pump passes oil through the mesh filter located in oil картере and the oil filter, located with an engine outer side, and then drives oil to internal channels of the block of cylinders / картера the engine. Through channels oil arrives to a cranked shaft (radical bearings) and a camshaft. To bearings of rods oil gets through internal apertures in a cranked shaft. Cams of a camshaft and valves are greased with splashes, as well as all other details of the engine.
Repair work which can be spent with the engine, without removing it from the car
1) Pressure of a compression – check.
2) a valve Backlash – adjustment.
3) the Cover of a head of cylinders – removal and installation.
4) the Cover of a gear belt – removal and installation.
5) the Gear belt – removal and installation.
6) Asterisks and натяжитель a gear belt – removal and installation.
7) Koromysla and pushers – removal, check and installation.
8) the Head of cylinders – removal and installation.
9) Rods and pistons – removal and installation.
Though the given operation can be spent, without removing the engine, and having removed only oil картер, it is better if you remove for this purpose the engine that will allow you to spend work in cleanliness and will provide easier access.
10) Oil картер
– removal and installation.
11) the Oil pump – removal, repair and installation.
12) the Oil radiator – removal and installation.
13) Epiploons of distributive and cranked shaft – replacement.
14) Fastenings the engine / a transmission – check and replacement.
15) the Flywheel – removal check and installation.